In Russia, the duration of studies at the faculty of medicine or engineering depends upon the medium of instruction. The faculty with Russian language as the medium of instruction offers a study-program of seven years or five years in case of engineering, which includes one year training in Russian, at the preparatory faculty.
Those who opt for English as the medium of instruction do not have to undergo the one-year training at the preparatory faculty.
Students, studying at both the courses in medicine have to undergo one-year internship.
Post Graduate studies in medicine are now also available in the English medium.
The duration of the course is 2 years.
Russians have always shown a great concern for education. The right for education is stated in the Constitution of the Russian Federation. It is ensured by compulsory secondary schools, vocational schools, and higher education institutions. It is also ensured by various evening courses and the system of state scholarship and grants.
Mostly due to the demands of the international educational organizations, the system of education in Russia has considerably changed over the past five years. Universities have begun implementing a system similar to that of Britain and the USA: 4 years for a Bachelor's degree and 2 years for a Master's degree. These changes are still in progress; some universities offer the new system, others still work according to the prior 5-year system.
After completing higher education, one can pursue postgraduate studies (aspirantura in Russian), which takes three years. After the defense of the thesis, 'Candidate of Science' (or Kandidat nauk) degree is awarded. This is considered equivalent to the Ph.D. degree according to the American system.
There is one more scientific degree in Russia higher than 'Candidate of Science'. It is the 'Doctor of Science' (or Doktor nauk) degree. This postdoctoral education, known as doctorantura in Russian, takes three more years. 'Doctor of Science' degree is awarded after defending the doctoral thesis.
Russia has a universal system of free education and a literacy rate of 99%. Compulsory education ends at the age of 16, although 96% of the population completes some form of further education. Competition for places in universities and other prestigious academic institutions is rather stiff.
About 12% of people employed have some form of higher education. The quality of Russian teaching in natural sciences tends to be higher than in many western countries, while that in social science is showing strong signs of adapting to the new environment in Russia.
Basic general education lasts nine years. The stages of compulsory schooling in Russia are: elementary school for children of 6-7 to 10; senior school for those from 10 to 16; and high school from 16 to 17-18. On the whole, school takes 10-11 years of study. Every school has a "core curriculum" of academic subjects. Students can leave school after finishing the senior stage (they receive 'secondary incomplete education', or go to high school (in this case they get 'secondary complete education').
There are initial vocational schools or non-university level higher education institutions, which can be entered after senior school. Initial vocational schools include PTU (Professional'no-technicheskoe uchilische in Russian), which offers one-and-a-half to two years' purely professional education, and professional lyceums which offer joint professional and secondary general education from three to four years.
Non-university level higher education institutions also offer three- to four-year professional and secondary general education and vocational training. Secondary general education ends when students are 17-18. Secondary education leads to the award of the Certificate of Secondary Complete General Education. Graduates of secondary schools can apply to a higher education institution.
Higher education is provided by state and private accredited higher education institutions (universitites, academies, institutes, etc.) Education in state universities is not often free of charge - mostly for those students who show higher results at entrance exams. However, approximately one-third of the students pay tuition fees. In private higher education institutions all students have to pay for tuition. Higher education is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation, which is responsible for the accreditation and licensing of educational institutions and for developing and maintaining the state educational standards.
There are three levels of higher education:
1) incomplete higher education (2 years at least);
2) basic higher education (4, 5 or 6 years) leading to a Bachelor's, Specialist's or Master's degree;
3) postgraduate higher education ( Ph. D or postdoctoral studies, that take 5-6 years or more).
There are 609 state and 206 private accredited higher education institutions in Russia; the Ministry of Education finances 315 of them (state). The rest are financed by other Ministries or local authorities.
Private and Public Education:
At the primary and secondary level, private education is represented by approximately 550 institutions, out of a total of approximately 87,500 educational establishments.
The academic year lasts from September to May or June and is divided into two academic semesters, with examinations held at the end of each
The Russian System of Education
The Russian system of education is made up by the following stages: nursery school, or kindergarten (for children under 7), primary school (1st to 4th grades), secondary school (5th to 9th grades), high secondary school (10th and 11th grades), and higher education at a university. A Russian child's education starts at the kindergarten, so that on entering the 1st grade kids are able to read and write. At the age of 17 (11th grade) students complete their school course and take the school-leaving exams. On successful results a person receives a certificate of high secondary school education, which gives them the right to apply for entering any higher education establishment in a chosen specialty or special technical education establishment (college, industrial school and others).
The language of teaching in Russian universities is mainly Russian. Some courses can be taught in English (General Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Computer Science) or French (General Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmacy). The tuition for the courses taught in English or French is 25-50% higher than for those taught in Russian.
Studying under this program, students learn the Russian language starting from their first year for adequate communication and for making use of the huge collections of literature on their subject in library stocks that contain millions of books.
Choosing to be taught in Russian, students are admitted to Preparatory Faculty, where within 7-10 months they study the Russian language, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Geography, Mathematics and other basic subjects that are needed for further studies in the chosen specialty. You can apply to Preparatory Faculty of a Russian university from May 1st till February 15th. Classes start from October 1st till December 1st, depending on how quickly groups of 5-10 people are being formed. The preparatory course lasts until the end of June - beginning of July
University Course duration
Specialties in Medicine:
General Medicine - 6 years
Dentistry - 5 years
Pharmacy - 5 years
Internship - 1 years
Clinical Residency - 2 years
Ph.D. - 3 years
Specialties in Engineering, Economics, Humanities:
Bachelor's degree - 4 years
Specialist - 5 years
Master's degree (after Bachelor's) - 2 years
Postgraduate course - 3 years
One academic year lasts for 10 months (September 1st - June 30th).
The academic year is arranged in two semesters: The first semester: September 1st - January 25th; The second semester: February 9th - June 30th. At the end of each semester, in January and in June, students take their term exams in the subjects they have studied, in accordance with the curriculum approved by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation.
Accommodation and Food
All Russian and international students stay in student hostels in rooms for 1-3 people that meet the sanitary requirements and norms of the Russian Federation. Rooms are provided with the necessary furniture and bedding. The student can buy some personal items such as dishes, electrical equipment etc. on his/her own expenses.
In winter, all rooms in university hostels are heated. The average temperature indoors is +22°Ñ.
Almost every student hostel has a cafe, a gym, and classrooms for studying, laundries, telephone call boxes for long-distance calls, medical posts, and Internet centers.
There are toilets and showers with hot and cold water supply system on every floor of the hostel. Unlike many other European countries, there is a kitchen on every floor of a Russian student hostel, where you can prepare meals according to your individual taste and wishes.
There is a good and widely enjoyed tradition of inviting co-eds and friends for a dinner of a national cuisine: European, Asian, Arab, African, or Latin American. A broad variety of food products from all over the world that you find in food stores and supermarkets gives foreign citizens an excellent opportunity to stick to the same foods they were accustomed to at home. It is a good idea for a student to learn how to cook.
Students themselves are responsible for their rooms' tidiness. A cleaner on the staff of the hostel cleans the rooms of public use (corridors, halls, kitchens, showers and lavatories).
The student is fully liable for breakage or loss of any university property that the student is using within the period of studies.
Students should keep the hostel clean and tidy, as well as take into consideration and respect the interests of their neighbors. At night, they should be quiet. No matter what their background, citizenship, nationality, status and income are, students live in a hostel as one big multinational family.
The average cost of accommodation in a student hostel may vary, depending on the town and university, from 30 to 60 US Dollars per month.
The student, who first time arrives to Russia, does not know in advance, which will be his or her room-mate. However, if it happens that the neighbor is not from the same country, it will be an additional reason to enforce the language practice and to speak in Russian language to each other. Nevertheless, if there are more vacant places available in the hostel, the administration of the hostel will be glad to consider the wishes of the student and to change a room for the student or to give him or her the possibility to live alone with the extra-payment for the additional place.
Accommodation costs may change due to an increase of energy resources cost rates (gas, cold and hot water, electric power). These changes are brought about by alterations in the situation on the global market of energy resources and the economic condition of the country, and not by the university or STUDYINRUS.COM. Russia is one of the leading powers supplying energy resources to the world market. It holds one of the largest stocks of natural resources. Therefore, changes in the accommodation cost rates are small.
On the first arrival in Russia, the student should have about USD 500 for buying some basic personal things like clothes, dishes, electrical equipment, etc.
The average food expenses are about 120 - 150 US Dollars per month, except Moscow, where one has to spend USD 200. Students may go to cheap student cafes, or prepare their own meals in a hostel kitchen.
Safety and Security
The public safety in Russia is provided by the state security and law enforcement service - the Militsia (Police). The Militia is responsible for the safety of both Russian and foreign citizens on the territory of the country.
Special attention is paid to the security of international students. All buildings of universities and student hostels are constantly guarded by the university's internal security department, or by officers of a hired professional security company.
Entrances to all universities in Russia are guarded by security. To enter a university building or a hostel at any time, one needs to show a pass. Students get their passes at the moment they are admitted to the university. Entrance to a hostel is open from 6 a.m. till 12 o'clock midnight. Guests who come to see the students in their hostel are let in from 4 till 11 o'clock p.m. They must show their ID. These rules are equally valid all over Russia.
When being on the territory of the Russian Federation, foreign citizens must always carry their passport and migration card. Students should obey the law, respect the customs and traditions of Russia, and follow the simple rules of personal safety, just like in any other country of the world.
Foreign citizens are equal to Russian citizens in being liable for any criminal or administrative offense committed on the territory of the Russian Federation. The specially appointed university employees hold meetings with the new-coming students to instruct them on some basic rules regulating life in Russia, norms of behavior, their legal responsibilities and safety measures.
Any person in need of help concerning security is entitled to address a militsioner (policeman), whose job and professional duty is to assist on emergency.
In case of emergency, dial the emergency telephone number 01 (police, ambulance, fire brigade) from any place in Russia. The call is free.
Work during the Period of Studies
The student must not forget that the main goal of his/her stay in Russia is education, acquiring knowledge and skills in the subject he/she has chosen for specialization.
Within the period of studying, according to the article 13, paragraph 4 of the Federal Law dated on July, 25th, 2002, ¹ 115-FZ 'About the legal status of foreign citizens in the Russian Federation' students can only work at their free time (after classes or on holidays at their universities as support personnel). Their employer must be licensed to hire foreign citizens. The job must not hinder the student's training at the university. The student who misses classes may be expelled from the University for Poor Academic Achievement. During the first two years in Russia students are not recommended to work, since they do not yet speak Russian fluently enough, and they have not yet got used to the conditions of life in the new country.
Jobs that are available for international students are most often temporary ones, with employers seeking for unqualified and cheap hands. International students must consider such low-paid jobs as only a way to earn some pocket money, to improve their Russian language and gain a better understanding of the Russian culture, but certainly not as the source of income to cover the tuition fees or other expenses during their stay in Russia.
Student's Main Responsibilities (A Brief Summary)
- The student must present all the documents needed for consideration of his/her application for a university course; follow all the instructions of a STUDYINRUS.COM representative in the country where the student receives the official letter of invitation to study in Russia and gets the entrance visa issued by the Russian Embassy, including the instructions the STUDYINRUS.COM representative gives to arrange the departure of a group of students, which is formed by the STUDYINRUS.COM representative, to Russia.
The student must try and meet all the requirements of STUDYINRUS.COM in order to have on time all the necessary documents for staying in Russia during the training period. The student must strictly obey the rules and terms of registration, attend all classes in accordance with the academic schedule, and master the curriculum contents in his/her chosen specialty. Students must keep their rooms at the university hostel clean and tidy, obey the Russian law and the internal regulations of the university and of the hostel, follow the safety instructions, and respect the laws, customs and traditions of Russia.
The student needs to know that, like any Russian citizen on the territory of the Russian Federation, he/she is liable for any criminal or administrative offense, and for breakage or loss of the university property. He/she can be expelled from the university due to poor academic results or failure to fulfill the conditions of the contract, including the financial ones. If an international student is expelled from the university, he/she must leave the Russian Federation within 14 days, for which purpose he/she must have an airplane ticket for his/her home country with the open date of departure, or the money to buy one.
The student must strictly fulfill the conditions of the contract concluded between the student and STUDYINRUS.COM, and/or between the student and the university. He/she must have the amount of money sufficient for paying the tuition, hostel accommodation fees and life and health insurance, as well as for covering food expenses and other personal needs while staying and studying in Russia. Tuition and accommodation fees, as well as life and health insurance must be paid every year no later than September 1st.
Students must perform all their duties and responsibilities, and strictly follow the recommendations of STUDYINRUS.COM employees. They must properly inform STUDYINRUS.COM on their problems and needs in order to get help and protection of their interests within the period of their stay in Russia and within the duration of the contract with STUDYINRUS.COM and/or with the University.
Students need to know that the acting rules of admission to universities of the Russian Federation for foreign citizens are the same; namely, applicants who have successfully finished school and got positive grades are entitled to be admitted to Russian Universities on equal terms. That is, those who got the Certificate with the 50% results enjoy the same rights as applicants with 100% grades. The main requirement to the educational certificates is that they contain positive, even if modest, grades.
For those who apply for Medical specialties the lowest passing score is 50%, and it is just 40% for university applicants who choose specialties related to Engineering, Technology, Economics, and Humanities. Evidently, admission to the first year at the university does not guarantee that the student will be able to study successfully throughout the whole course. Further studying depends on how thoroughly the student fulfills the curriculum. International students should be aware that attendance to all every-day classes on the time-table (lectures, laboratory sessions, and practical training) is compulsory. Classes usually take place every day except Sunday, from 9 a.m. till 5 p.m.Reading course books cannot substitute the daily communication with an experienced teacher. Regular attendance of lectures is essential for good education. This can be different in other countries, where students are free to choose which classes to attend. In that case, the contact with the teacher is reduced to the minimum, which largely decreases the education level. Therefore, Russian university graduates are worldly recognized as being thoroughly and comprehensively educated, energetic and independent at work, which meets the standards of labor market in any country on the globe.